There is a fun game to play on the streets of Gulu, while walking downtown. It's called
Spot the NGO (Non-Governmental Organization: that is, the people you invest in when you donate money to Save the Africans, Save the Children, Save the Dolphins, etc).
How inspiring, right? That so many people care about the lives of mistreated and traumatized Ugandans? Yes, that is the positive side of the story. But, of course, there is a negative side as well.
The economy in Gulu is booming. Many NGOs are arriving in the recent very few months, bringing so many outsiders here. And this makes commodity prices go up. And it makes costs of sleeping arrangements go up. Basically, it makes the cost of living go up. Every NGO which comes here (and there are a lot) carries with it a certain cost to every citizen of the region. Mzungus can afford higher prices, but most citizens cannot.
Of course, there's a downside to everything and this observation may seem rather pedantic: the net effect is positive, right? Well, short-term it certainly is, and long-term it seems like it should be. When things get better, NGOs will trickle away slowly, and the economy will stabilize.
The real downside, though, is that the "when" in that last sentence is really an "if". If everything works according to plan, then the NGOs will have successfully improved the lives of northern Ugandans. On the other hand, if things turn ugly, a good 90% of the NGOs will have disappeared within 24 hours. (A well-organized NGO writes an escape plan before even moving in; a rich one even buys sat-phones for that very purpose, in case the cell phone network is unreliable.) So if the LRA returns (or another rebel group starts up), the land will again be unusable, the camps will again be overcrowded and horrible, and to top it all off, the local economy will be in a worse condition than it ever was before.
Can you really blame the NGOs for coming in? Of course not. Everybody wants to help, and help is desperately needed. But the situation here is precarious, to say the least.